Sri Lankan Coooking

Main Ingredients

The Main Ingredients Used In Sri Lankan Cookery

Over the centuries many individual ingredients have been used to enhance our dishes. The significant aspect of these are that there were no animal products like animal fat, milk etc included here. At present there is 42 such ingredients to be found and these are in common usage in every Sri Lankan household. For the upcoming recipes, these will be used and it is advisable to keep these items at hand for some may be difficult to find.

NoGeneral NameBotanical Name(s)Other name(s)
01Coriander SeedCoriandrum SativumKoththamalli, Cilantro seeds, Chinese Parsely seeds
02CumminCuminum CyminumSuduru
03Sweet CumminUmbelliferae Pimpinella anisum L./ Foeniculum VulgareMahaduru, Sweet Alice
04TurmericCurcuma domestica /Curcuma LongaKaha
05Black PepperPiper nigrumGammiris
06Dried Red Chillies*refer Red ChilliesViyali Miris
07Mustard SeedBrassica NigraAba
08FenugreekFoenum-graecumUlu Hal, Birds Foot, Greek Hay-seed
09EnasaalElettaria Cardamomum
10ClovesEugenia caryophyllataKarabu Nati, Eugenia Aromatica
11CinnamonCinnamomum ZeylanicumKurundu
12GambogeGarcinia hanburyii / Garcinia CambigiaGoraka, Gutta gamba. Gummigutta. Tom Rong. Gambodia. Garcinia Morella
13TomatoLycopersicon esculentumThakkali
14Curry LeavesMurraya KoenigilKarapincha
15KeoraPandanus odoratissimus / Pandanus LatifoliaRampe
16Lemon GrassCymbopogon citratesSeira
17Ginger RootAsarum canadense / Zingiber OfficinaleInguru, Canada Snakeroot. Indian Ginger. Coltsfoot
18GarlicAllium SativumSudu Lunu
19BilingAverrhoa bilimbi(Fruit of the) Cucumber Tree
20LimeCitrus acidaDehi, Citrus acris. Limettae Fructus
21TamarindTamarindus indicaSiyambala, Imlee. Tamarindus officinalis
22Red ChilliesCapsicum FrutescensRathu Miris, Red Pepper, Bird Pepper, African Bird Pepper ,African Pepper,Chillies,Bird Pepper,African Chillies, Cayenne, Capsicum
23ShallotsAllium cepa / Allium RebrumRathu Lunu, Eschalots
24Moringa LeavesMoringa OleiferaMurunga Kola, Horse Radish Tree, Drumstick Tree, Sahijan
25CoconutCocos NuciferaPol
26NutmegMyristica fragransSadikka, Nux Moschata
27PapawCarica papayaPapol, Melon Tree. Mamaeire. Papaya Vulgaris
28RiceOryza sativaHal, Nivara. Dhan. O. montana. O. setegera. O. latifolia. Bras. Paddy
29MaceMyristica fragransWasa Wasi
30Davul KurunduNeolitsea cassiaBellary leaf, Wild Cinnamon
31Bark of the Moringa tree**see Moringa LeavesMurunga Kole Pothu
32Coconut MilkN/A
33Coconut OilN/A
34WaterN/A
35JaggeryN/AHakuru
36SugarN/ASeeni
37EggsN/ABiththara
38Toddy SedimentN/ARa Mandi
39ChunamN/AVitata Kana Hunu
40VinegarN/A
41SaltN/ALunu
42Maldive FishN/AUmbalakada
Translate »