Among the more noticeable forest or scrub birds are the greater racquet-tailed drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus), Asian paradise flycatcher (Tersiphone paradisi), crimson-breasted barbet (Megalaima haemacephala), brown-headed barbet (Megalaima zeylanica), Malabar pied hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus), kingfisher (Alcedo atthis), and nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus).
Common raptors include crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela), white-bellied sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster) and crested hawk eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus).
Reptiles to be found at Wilpattu include freshwater turtles, such as the common terrapin (Melanochelys trijuga) and soft terrapin (Lissemys puctata), in most of the larger villus. The star tortoise (Geochelone elegans) is common in the grasslands. Then there is the Sri Lanka swamp crocodile (Crocodylus palustris) and the cobra (Naja naja).
Also found here is Sri Lanka’s largest snake, the python (Python molurus pimbura). If you are lucky you might see one of the most spectacular sights of the predatory world – a python in the process of swallowing a deer. There are claims that pythons from 20 – 30 feet in length exist – or once existed – on the island, putting them in the zoological category of giant snakes.